Skiing and Snowboarding for People with Intellectual Disabilities
The vast majority of students in this category will be skiing two-track, that is, on two skis. With developmental/cognitive disabilities, much of the adaptations will come in the form of presentation.
It is of primary importance that we conduct an assessment of a student that will provide us with clues about the adaptive equipment and teaching techniques needed for the first lesson. An appraisal of developmental, cognitive, social, emotional, and learning characteristics will also help us develop the initial teaching plan.
Both developmental disabilities and cognitive impairments interrupt a person's usual development. To provide quality adaptive lessons, it is necessary for us (the instructors) to have at least a rudimentary knowledge of human development.
The teaching progression for developmental and cognitive disabilities closely follows the progressions set by the Professional Ski Instructors of America. However, we also benefit from familiarity with the behavior modification techniques and teaching alternatives.
Using Fun, Games, and Props for Learning
Props can offer great assistance and help establish physical boundaries for the student. We may use the following props: